12 Dog Breeds Native To The UK

By Sammy Dolan
Updated on 1 December 2022

The UK is a country with a rich dog-breeding tradition. For centuries, the British have selectively bred their dogs to create unique breeds that are now popular worldwide.

Each breed has a unique personality and skill set, from the sleek and agile Border Collie to the cuddly Corgi. Some breeds have been around for centuries, while others are relatively new.

These dogs are known for their adorable appearances and loving personalities. So if you’re considering getting a new pet, one of these UK dog breeds may be a perfect choice!

While many of these breeds originated in the UK, they can also be found in other parts of Europe and North America. Here is a look at some of the most notable dog breeds native to the United Kingdom.

Corgi

There are two varieties of Corgi (Photo: Adobe Stock)

There are two varieties of Corgi (Photo: Adobe Stock)

These small and stout dogs are a favorite among the British Royal family. Corgis are known for their short legs, long backs, and happy demeanor. They are loyal and affectionate, making them great family pets.

The Corgi is an ancient breed, having been bred in Wales for centuries. They are playful and highly intelligent and make excellent watchdogs. They don’t need much exercise, making them ideal for older owners or those living in small spaces.

Beagle

Beagles sits down after run with owner (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Beagles sits down after run with owner (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Beagle is a popular breed of hunting dog. This cheerful and affectionate hound has been around since the 16th century, and its popularity has only grown since then. Beagles are known for their long ears, big eyes, and friendly personalities.

Beagles are active dogs and require regular exercise and plenty of interactive playtime. They are very social and love being around people and other dogs, making them suitable for family life. Beagles also have an excellent sense of smell and are used in search and rescue operations. They are intelligent and highly trainable, making them great companions around the house.

Shetland Sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdog (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Shetland Sheepdog (Photo: Adobe Stock)

This herding dog is one of the most popular breeds in the UK. Shetland Sheepdogs have been bred for centuries to herd livestock and guard their masters’ property. They are known for their long and wavy coat, intelligence, loyalty, and courageousness.

Shetland Sheepdogs need plenty of exercise and playtime to keep them healthy and happy. They make great family dogs, as they love spending time with their owners and following instructions. They are also highly trainable and make excellent family pets.

English Foxhound

English Foxhound (Photo: Adobe Stock)

English Foxhound (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The English Foxhound is an ancient breed used for centuries as a hunting and tracking dog. These dogs are known for their strength, endurance, and loyalty. They are also extremely intelligent and make great family pets.

English Foxhounds require plenty of exercise, so they are best suited to owners who can provide them with the stimulation and exercise they need. They may require extra grooming due to their long coats, but they do not need as much care as other breeds. With proper training, they can become well-mannered and obedient companions.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a popular breed in the UK. This small and friendly breed has been around since the 16th century, and they make great companions. They are known for their gentle and loving personalities and beautiful silky coats.

These dogs require regular exercise and do best when given regular walks and playtime with their owners. Like many other dogs, they need to be socialized at an early age and need to be taught basic obedience and manners. They are highly intelligent, making them easy to train.

Airedale Terrier

Airedale Terrier (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Airedale Terrier (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Airedale Terrier is one of the UK’s oldest and most popular breeds. These dogs are known for their courage, loyalty, and intelligence. They are also highly energetic and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy.

Airedale Terriers make great family pets, as they are loyal, friendly, and eager to please. They can also be protective of their families if needed. They are also relatively low maintenance, needing only occasional brushing and grooming. The Airedale Terrier is an excellent choice for families looking for an intelligent, loyal companion.

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell enjoys a chew on a rug (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Jack Russell enjoys a chew on a rug (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Jack Russell Terrier is a small but energetic breed with an independent spirit. They were initially bred in England to hunt foxes and small animals, and their natural instinct makes them excellent hunting dogs.

Jack Russell Terriers are highly trainable and are known for their intelligence and obedience. They have strong personalities, but they are also affectionate and loyal companions. Their coats vary in color from white and tan to black and tan, and they have long tails that curl over their backs.

Clumber Spaniel

Clumber Hound (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Clumber Hound (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Clumber Spaniel is a large and sturdy breed that has been around since the 1700s. This breed is known for its intelligence, loyalty, and friendly nature. They have a thick, white coat that needs regular grooming and maintenance to keep it healthy.

Clumber Spaniels need plenty of physical activity, as they are an active breed. They also need mental stimulation, such as games and puzzles, to keep their minds sharp. They love being around their owners and make great family pets, but they can also be trained for obedience and other activities. The Clumber Spaniel does best with an owner with the time and patience to give them the attention and exercise they need.

English Bulldog

English Bulldog (Adobe Stock)

English Bulldog (Adobe Stock)

The English Bulldog is a popular breed in the UK, known for its docile and friendly nature. These dogs have short, stocky bodies and broad, muscular heads. They are powerful and loyal animals but also gentle and loving companions.

English Bulldogs require regular exercise and long walks but don’t need much space or intense physical activity. They are relatively easy to groom and feed due to their short coats and relatively low maintenance needs. English Bulldogs are very social animals and love to be around people – they make great family dogs.

Bloodhound

Bloodhound (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Bloodhound (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Bloodhound is a large and powerful breed that has been around since the Middle Ages. This loyal and affectionate dog is known for its incredible sense of smell and is widely used in police work. Bloodhounds are brave and intelligent but can be stubborn if not properly trained.

Bloodhounds need plenty of physical activity and mental stimulation, so they require a lot of attention from their owners. They have long, silky coats that come in various shades of red, black, and tan. Bloodhounds are gentle giants who make great family pets but require a lot of space and exercise. They tend to be noisy when left alone or bored, so they’re not ideal for apartment living. With the right amount of love and attention, Bloodhounds will be loyal companions for many years.

Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniel (Photo: Adobe Stock)

Cocker Spaniel (Photo: Adobe Stock)

The Cocker Spaniel is a gentle, friendly breed that has been popular in the UK for centuries. These dogs have long, floppy ears and a soft, wavy coat that can come in black, white, tan, or red. They are known for their intelligence and loyalty and make great family pets.

Cocker Spaniels are active and energetic but don’t need much exercise or have high maintenance needs when it comes to grooming. These dogs tend to be very social and affectionate, so they thrive when given plenty of attention from their owners. They can also be quite vocal, so keeping them well-trained is essential.

Border Collie

Border Collie at Lakeview Manor (Photo: Lakeview Manor)

Border Collie at Lakeview Manor (Photo: Lakeview Manor)

The Border Collie is a hardworking and intelligent breed, initially bred in the UK for herding livestock. This breed is known for its athleticism and endurance and has the highest degree of working instinct among all breeds. Border Collies are loyal, active, and playful but require a lot of mental stimulation and physical exercise.

Border Collies have long, thick coats that come in various colors, including black and white, red and white, black-and-tan, and tricolor. The Border Collie is popular among many British dog owners due to its intelligence and trainability. They can excel in obedience, agility, and other canine sports with proper training.

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